Federação Anarquista Gaúcha (FAG)
Rio Grande do Sul
Founded on 18 November 1995
The Federação Anarquista Gaúcha (FAG) is an anarchist political organization founded on 18 November 1995, the result of a context which saw various libertarian groups spread across different parts of Rio Grande do Sul (Juventude Libertária, which brought together activists from Porto Alegre, Canoas, Guaíba and Gravataí; the Grupo Ativista Libertário (GAL) from Alegrete, and the Coletivo de Ação Libertária (CALIBRE) from São Leopoldo) which, in an environment of discussion and the search for organizational alternatives for anarchist militants, ended up coming together and founding the FAG.
The historical experience of the Federación Anarquista Uruguaya and its organizational model, Especifism, had an important effect on our development. In these 15 years and more, we were present and involved in a series of experiences of popular struggle. We contributed modestly to the formation of the Movimento Nacional dos Catadores de Materiais Recicláveis (National Movement of Recyclable Material Collectors – MNCR), in the construction of several Popular Resistance Committees on the outskirts of Porto Alegre, in organizing students together with the comrades of the Tendência Libertária Mobilização Direta (Libertarian Tendency for Direct Mobilization – TLMD), in universities and high schools, and fighting for a different model of university in the suburbs of Porto Alegre through the Coletivo pela Universidade Popular (Collective for a Popular University – COLUP). We also participated shoulder to shoulder the struggles against the FTAA and the IMF and in a series of fights together with movements like the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Desempregados (Unemployed Workers Movement – MTD) and the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (Movement of Landless Rural Workers – MST).
In addition to our “social insertion”, from 2001 to 2010 our former federal premises served as a venue for meetings, internal education debates, as a propaganda base, and a centre for cultural events. The premises hosted the Conquest of Bread Library, which has now moved to our new headquarters, the Ateneu Libertário A Batalha da Várzea. From the start, we never lost sight of the work of propaganda, with posters, street murals and various campaigns. We have always aimed for the construction of a nationwide anarchist organization and indeed in 1996 we took part in the “Process of Brazilian Anarchist Construction” along with several groups, which however turned out to be premature and did not continue.
Today, the FAG’s members are active in various fronts – the trade unions, student struggles, communications (community radio) and the countryside (MST) – working daily in defence of grassroots organization, direct democracy and action, class independence and solidarity, with the goal of building Popular Power.
Coletivo Anarquista Zumbi dos Palmares (CAZP)
Founded on 2 March 2002
The Zumbi dos Palmares Anarchist Collective (CAZP) was born out of its militants’ activities within the student movement; throughout this experience, it was active at the grassroots level of the movement, in student organizations and groupings. As a demonstration of class solidarity, we have always tried to be with the struggles of the social movements in Alagoas.
Today, besides our presence in the student struggles, we are also organized in our labour and community fronts. In the former, together with workers in education and healthcare, we seek to restore trade union practices in which grassroots democracy and first-hand involvement predominate. In the community, we seek to empower people through activities that focus on culture and communication in particular. In 2008, together with other comrades, we participated in the foundation (in our state) of the Resistência Popular tendency (Popular Resistance), something which has been crucial to opening up our trade-union and community fronts.
In the political sphere we joined the FAO in 2005, something which allowed us to make progress both in social activism and on the political and organizational level, and to gradually take on the form of an especifista organization. As part of the process of building a nationwide anarchist body of the especifista type, our aim in Alagoa was to contribute so that the political and social strength of anarchism could resonate in the struggles of the oppressed classes for justice and freedom.
Rusga Libertária (RL)
Founded in 2006
Rusga Libertária (RL) is a class-struggle anarchist organization with the principles of direct action, direct democracy, federalism, internationalism, the class struggle and libertarian ethics, which was founded in early 2006 as a result of a long process of discussion and reflection among Cuiabano anarchists whose intention was to bring social, militant anarchism back to the position it once held when it was the driving force behind the struggles of oppressed people in the past. We operate in Cuiabá, the capital of Mato Grosso.
Before even acting as a political organization, militants were working in a neighborhood on the outskirts of Cuiabá, with the work being carried on by comrades who would go on to build the RL; this work, begun more than 10 years ago, still goes on to this day.
We work in the struggle for public transport – principally in favour of free passes and against the increasing abuse of ticketing – a fight that saw major mobilizations in the city at one time. Apart from that, we divide our work into fronts.
We had militants who worked in the student front during the period of rectory occupations and the fight against university reform, which lasted until the year 2009, when we decided to give priority to other fronts. This shift in priorities involved our focus on building a more combative struggle in the Parque Geórgia neighborhood, where we built the headquarters of the Centro de Cultura Popular/Resistência Popular (Center for Popular Culture/Popular Resistance), with our own hands, and maintain a community radio and other activities. Other comrades have been active in the development of a trade-union front in education (and which they still are to date), acting as an opposition to the current leadership of the Sindicato dos Trabalhadores no Ensino Público (Public Education Workers Union – SINTEP); now in 2012, we are working on building an opposition platform.
Since 2011, with the arrival of new members, we were able to return to the struggle in the student front and were active in the Academic Centre of the course of the Social Sciences course, and also in a Left Front, making a tactical alliance with other left-wing currents in the university with whom we have carried out some struggles together in recent years. We have also been involved in the fight against the privatization of SANECAP (the capital’s water distribution company, which was privatized), and against the privatization of public health care.
In the past three months of 2012, we have been active in the struggle for housing and against the eviction of about 300 families on land near the Parque Geórgia neighborhood, part of a “cleanup” of the urban centres in view of the 2014 World Cup. The fight was hard and hectic but ultimately ended in a great victory, which the social movements in the city had not had for several years. It was a fight which, apart from a strong spirit of solidarity among the majority of residents involved in the occupation, has now transformed the neighborhood into one which today is ready to act in other neighborhoods that will need to put up similar resistance. That victory, along with the residents of the Canaã Settlement, is a milestone for the popular, combative struggle in Cuiabá and in the state of Mato Grosso itself.
Federação Anarquista do Rio de Janeiro (FARJ)
Rio de Janeiro
Founded on 30 August 2003
The FARJ has three fronts of social struggle. The oldest is the Community Front, whose main activity is concentrated in the Centro de Cultura Social (CCS), located in the district of Vila Isabel. Militants there are involved in several areas among the community, the most important being the Pré-Vestibular Comunitário Solidariedade (Solidarity Community College-Preparatory), organized in conjunction with comrades from the Núcleo Complexo dos Macacos do Movimento dos Trabalhadores Desempregados “Pela Base!”, activists and supporters of the Organização Popular, as well as former students and some teachers. Since 2001, the CCS-RJ has been home to the Biblioteca Social Fábio Luz (Fábio Luz Social Library), and since 2004, the Marques da Costa Research Centre (Núcleo de Pesquisa Marques da Costa), both tied to the organization.
The Frente de Movimentos Sociais Urbanos (Urban Social Movements Front – FMSU, formerly the Occupations Front) started its operations with the movement of occupations in Rio de Janeiro, having participated in the founding of the Internationalist Front of the Homeless (FIST) in 2005. Having left the FIST in late 2007, the front expanded its work and became part of the MTD-RJ, and subsequently setting up the MTD “Pela Base!”, whose central struggle is based on the demands of the unemployed and precarious. The FMSU is also active in the Sindicato dos Servidores do Colégio Pedro II (SINDSCOPE – teachers and administrative staff union at large high school), building grassroots trade-unionism with ties to the popular movements through the Pré-Vestibular Solidariedade in the favela of Maré (Baixa do Sapateiro) and with the Linha Cultural, an activity that uses hip hop as an instrument for protest.
Newer is the Anarchism and Nature Front (FAN), formerly called the Agro-Ecological Front. The ANA was formed in late 2007 with the aim of strengthening, supporting and developing – with the rural social movements – political work that seeks to intensify the class struggle in the agricultural and ecological field, cooperative grassroots work, and comprehensive education from the perspective of education for the countryside. It made major organizational advances with the foundation of the Núcleo de Saúde e Alimentação Germinal (Germinal Centre for Food and Health, extinct in Rio de Janeiro) and the Cooperativa de Trabalhadores em Agroecologia Floreal (Floreal Cooperative of Workers in Agro-Ecology). Currently, members of the FAN are active in the Landless Workers Movement (MST-RJ) and the political and pedagogical coordination of degree courses in Agricultural Education at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro.
From their grassroots organizations, FARJ militants also contribute to the construction of the Organização Popular (Popular Organization – OP), a grouping of tendency that brings together different social activists who advocate a method of organizing in the struggles and the demands of the people, which strengthens the role of the grassroots and the idea of popular power, and operating in the student, trade-union and popular movements.
Organização Anarquista Socialismo Libertário (OASL)
Founded on 18 November 2009
In a process that began in early months of 2008, the OASL organized broad-based meetings to discuss especifista anarchism, with the aim of reorganizing anarchism in the city. With the significant influence from the Federação Anarquista do Rio de Janeiro (FARJ), the two-year process culminated in the foundation in late 2009 of the Anarchist Federation of São Paulo, later called OASL. The FARJ participated in important encounters of 2008 and 2009 and the Federação Anarquista Gaúcha (FAG) in the one in 2009, representing a fundamental element of support for the formation of the organization.
On the social level, the OASL has been working since its inception both by participating in grassroots bodies and by seeking to create popular movements in the metropolitan area. The work that has gone on longer is that in theMovimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (Movement of Rural Landless Workers – MST), through the Greater São Paulo region, with work at the grassroots in settlements that focuses on political education and on education; there are also initiatives in production, with the sale of products from these farmers. We have been involved in various types of work at the community level since the beginning of the process: in the East Zone of the city and, more recently, in the South Zone, such as in our participation in the Rede Extremo Sul (a community network). We have been involved in trade-union struggles such as that of bank workers and more recently our work with State schoolteachers in the APEOESP union. Among students, too, there have been some initiatives. All this work has been carried out by OASL members through their participation in the Organização Popular Aymberê (Aymberê Popular Organization – OFP), a grouping of tendency that led the organization of the 9th Latin American Meeting of Popular Autonomous Organizations (ELAOPA).
At the political level, the OASL has participated in the FAO since 2010, and as a full member since 2011, when it hosted the annual meeting of the FAO Conference and the “Anarchist Days” festival, with the participation of militants from various Latin countries. Working inside the FAO, the OASL provided secretaries, presented organizational and programmatic documents, and organized relationships, including visits to other anarchist organizations. It has conducted internal educational training sessions, debates, lectures and public activities to attract people. Together with the FARJ, it has developed a political training programme on anarchism. With regard to propaganda, it has distributed the publications of the FAO and books published by Faísca Publicações, prepared material for the Anarkismo.net site and also produced pamphlets and specific materials, such as “Anarchism especifista and People Power.” It has also promoted the creation of new nuclei in other regions of the state.
Coletivo Anarquista Bandeira Negra (CABN)
Founded in August 2011
The Coletivo Anarquista Bandeira Negra (Black Flag Anarchist Collective – CABN) emerged in the city of Florianópolis, later establishing a group in the city of Joinville and a nucleus in Chapecó, in view of forming a statewide organization. The CABN was born as an especifista anarchist organization, in the tradition of the Federación Anarquista Uruguaya (FAU) and the member organizations of the Forum of Organized Anarchism (FAO), now the Brazilian Anarchist Coordination (CAB), which we are joining.
The CABN believes in a type of anarchism that is in direct contact with the popular struggles, within the working class. Since its beginnings, it has participated in the urban social movements, especially in the struggles for public transport, both in Florianópolis and Joinville, in addition to activity in independent media groups reporting on the social struggles. In Florianópolis, we are starting to work on the community front with the prospects of starting a libertarian tendency in the student movement, where we are already active in some areas such as the construction of the Estágio Interdisciplinar de Vivência (EIV-SC), a programme with social movements of rural workers. In the city of Joinville, the CABN also works with the Centre for Human Rights (CHR), and in Chapecó it is engaged in trade-union activities, with a presence in the SINASEFE-SC (trade union for teachers, mostly employed at the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina) and in the construction of a union branch of the ANDES union for workers at the Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul.
Apart from these fronts, the CABN organizes the Libertarian Studies Circle in Florianópolis, which has seen a growth in popularity and encourages discussions from the libertarian perspective, as well as other events such as one on May Day, with renewed demands for a class-based, combative May Day to counteract the risk of the date falling into oblivion. In Joinville, the CABN is also building an Anarchist Ideas and Practices Study Group (GEIPA).
Organização Resistência Libertária (ORL)
Founded in 2008
The Organização Resistência Libertária (Libertarian Resistance Organization – ORL) was founded in late 2008, by a number of anarchist students who had participated in student struggles the previous year, and some former members of the defunct Rupture Collective and Libertarian Commune groups, who had for some time been talking about the need for organized action by anarchists in the struggles and social movements. This was precisely the starting point which enabled the convergence of these two waves of militants and the formation of an organization based around commonly-held political objectives, methods of operation and organizational forms.
Currently, the ORL carries out its work on two fronts: community and trade union. For more than two years the organization has been active in work in the community, in areas affected by the works for the 2014 World Cup. We have contributed since the beginning of this popular struggle, which has led to the creation of the Struggle Movement in Defence of Housing (MLDM), which networks the communities impacted by this mega-event. Currently, the organization is stepping up its activity in the struggle of these communities, with its members contributing in various activities, always with the aim of encouraging the struggle to be as libertarian as possible so that the movement can be autonomous, combative and self-managed, and that its decision-making processes can be horizontal.
In the last year, we began to work in the trade-union struggles, trying in our modest way to give some drive to the struggles in the public education sector, against the government’s attacks on public education and against the trade-union bureaucracy that has existed for decades in the teachers’ union in the state. Our political practice has been to strengthen the autonomy and the organization of teaching as opposed to the parasitic structure maintained by the union leadership, helping to build grassroots organizational structures such as the Zonal Network, which has has a fundamental role and was responsible for some of the most radical actions in the last statewide teachers’ strike.
Coletivo Anarquista Luta de Classe (CALC)
Founded in October 2010
The CALC organizes its work in fronts and nuclei; currently in a community front and in a student front, with only one single nucleus (central). Besides its social militancy, it is also engaged in the sale of books from libertarian publishers once a month, in running the Libertarian Studies Circle (CEL) – a venue for study and internal/external education – and in producing its newsletter “No Batente” (The Anvil).
The student front is active within the Coletivo Quebrando Muros (CQM), the university student movement, organized by faculty in the Paraná Federal University, and is now also active together with the community of Vila Torres and the high school students from public schools. The CQM is no longer just a student tendency, as it was when it was set up in mid-2009. Since 2012, it has established new social fronts, such as the community front, which includes former militants of Germinal in its collective, while keeping its nuclei in the student front. Indeed, its student work has been consolidated with Polytechnic, Psychology, Social Sciences, History and Law nuclei, accumulating forces for a fighting left. This front is starting two new projects: the organization of a community college-preparatory course together with students from the Colégio Estadual Hildebrando de Araújo (Jardim Botânico), and a political education course at the Colégio Estadual Manoel Ribas aimed at the young people from the school (Vila Torres).
The community front also focuses its activities on Vila Torres. Until last year, acting through Germinal but separate to it and as an approach to the CQM, it worked in a community front set up by this collective. Since October 2008 it has been carrying on work within schools and the community, such as supporting the agro-ecological garden at the Colégio Estadual Manoel Ribas and participating in the network of community groups. It has also participated in events such as the Jornadas de Agroecologia (Agro-Ecology Days) and O Grito dos Excluídos (The Cry of the Excluded).
Coletivo Anarquista Núcleo Negro (CANN)
The Black Nucleus Anarchist Collective (CANN) has had a short life so far, arising out of activity together with housing movements, urban occupations, in a group that at the time was called Coletivo Autonomia.
We needed to move to an organizational model that gives support to our intentions within clearly anarchist field; after all, those who were part of the collective identified with this ideology. It was thus that we came across the especifista organizational model, already adopted by some of the groups with a history in the country, linked to the FAO. Today, the Núcleo Negro is active in the trade union movement and the community through its two fronts.
Coordenação Anarquista Brasileira
Translation by FdCA-International Relations Office